Технология покраски потолка

Потолок, стены и пол — это базовые поверхности в доме, внешний вид которых влияет на гармоничное восприятие помещения в целом. Они должны быть ровными, гладкими, с качественной финишной отделкой. Если у вас в квартире стоит красивая, дорогая мебель, повсюду развешаны интересные картины, а полочки и ниши декорированы стильными аксессуарами, но при этом на потолке имеются пятна, потеки, а местами даже отходит штукатурка, то общее впечатление от жилища будет неблагоприятным. Положительным моментом является то, что обновить потолок вполне можно самостоятельно. Самое главное здесь — придерживаться определенной последовательности действий и работать в соответствии с технологиями, о которых мы и поговорим в сегодняшней статье.

Во время покраски потолка очень важно соблюдать правильную последовательность работ. Можно выделить четыре основных этапа:

Этап 1: подготовка необходимого инструмента

Все инструменты следует подготовить заранее. Вам понадобится:

— лестница-стремянка;

— кисть малярная;

— дополнительная кисть (желательно узкая, чтобы можно было устранить дефекты, возникающие при покраске);

— набор шпателей;

— шпатлевка;

— состав для грунтования потолка;

— валик с длинным ворсом;

— дрель (для замешивания раствора);

— емкость для приготовления раствора.

Этап 2: выбор и приобретение краски

Выбор краски — один из наиболее важных этапов. Оптимальными считаются водоэмульсионные краски. Они ложатся практически на любую поверхность (кирпич, бетон, штукатурка, шпатлевка) ровным и однородным слоем быстро сохнут, почти не имеют неприятного запаха, не токсичны. Их легко смыть как с рабочего инструмента, так и с рук.

Выделяют три основных вида водоэмульсионных красок: силиконовые, силикатные и акриловые. Составы на основе силикона отличаются высокой паропроницаемостью, поэтому их смело можно использовать в кухне и ванной комнате (как, впрочем, и в любых других помещениях со сложным микроклиматом, где происходят регулярные перепады температур и выделяется влага). Силикатные краски тоже подходят для помещений с повышенной влажностью и парообразованием. Вдобавок ко всему, они еще обладают антибактериальными свойствами, то есть препятствуют возникновению плесени и грибков. Акриловые краски имеют отличные адгезивные качества и стоят при этом недорого. Они подходят для гостиной или спальни, а вот в ванной комнате или кухне их применять не следует ввиду их чувствительности к влаге.

Этап 3: подготовка потолка к покраске

На данном этапе следует провести предварительную подготовку помещения. Для начала надо убрать из него всю мебель и иные предметы, а также снять осветительные приборы, чтобы не испачкать их. Если по тем или иным причинам мебель невозможно переместить, ее укрывают плотной полиэтиленовой пленкой. Затем нужно надежно закрыть окна и двери: сквозняк здесь совершенно ни к чему.

Следующим действием становится очистка рабочей поверхности от старого, отслужившего свой срок покрытия, потому что оно не способно обеспечить высокие адгезивные качества. Это значит, что новый слой краски будет иметь недолгий срок службы, а все трещины, сколы и неровности отчетливо проявят себя на потолке.

После удаления предыдущего слоя финишной отделки рабочую плоскость следует тщательно отшлифовать, чтобы добиться ровной и гладкой поверхности. Помните о том, что любые дефекты явственно проступят сквозь слой новой краски, делая вашу работу бессмысленной. Если на потолке имеются небольшие трещины, то их сначала шпатлюют, и только потом придают ему надлежащую ровность. Затем настает очередь грунтовки: ее наносят валиком, и ждут несколько часов до полного ее высыхания. Точное время высыхания вы можете уточнить, прочитав инструкцию на упаковке.

Этап 4: технология покраски потолка

Красить потолок лучше всего днем, при естественном освещении, тогда любые погрешности можно будет сразу увидеть и, соответственно, исправить.

Возьмите банку с краской и перемешайте ее. Затем в емкость для приготовления раствора отлейте часть лакокрасочного состава. После этого берется длинноворсовый валик, помещается в емкость с краской и равномерно ею пропитывается. Важно, чтобы краска хорошо впиталась в валик, только после этого можно приступать к покраске потолка.

Окрашивать помещение следует в определенной последовательности: начинать следует от дальних углов, постепенно перемещаясь к центу. Не стоит держать валик прямо над собой, иначе краска будет попадать на тело, лицо и одежду. Краска наносится аккуратными равномерными движениями, без надавливания. Действовать при этом нужно довольно быстро. Отрывать инструмент от потолка настоятельно не рекомендуется. Сила нажима увеличивается соразмерно степени расходования краски. Полосы должны идти параллельно друг другу, без промежутков. Лучше красить «внахлест», чем допустить появление «проплешин».

Если вы решили покрыть потолок несколькими слоями краски, то помните о том, что каждый последующий слой наносится только после полного высыхания предыдущего.

Еще одно важное замечание: после того, как валик в достаточной степени пропитается краской, следует удалить с него ее излишки, иначе на потолке появится множество брызг и наплывов. А такие пятна (появившиеся из-за неравномерной прокраски поверхности) удалить довольно сложно.

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